Facts About Depression
Depression is a persistent sad or depressed mood, loss of interest in things that were once pleasurable with disturbance in sleep, appetite (and weight), energy and concentration. Diagnosing Depression is twice more common in females with poorer prognosis in older adults.
There are certain theories that explain the cause of depression. Three distinctive theories have been clinically approved by the diagnostic criteria of American Society of Psychiatry.
1. Neurobiological Theories:
— With high familial and genetic patterns;
— Abnormal regulation of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine and serotonin (biogenic amine hypothesis)
— Low levels of tryptophan (precursor of serotonin)
2. Psychoanalytical Theories:
— Disturbance in interpersonal relations in early childhood;
— Arouse from withdrawal of maternal love and support during the oral phase and later experiences of loss.
3. Cognitive Behavioral Theories:
— Diagnosing Depression associated with significant loss of important resources of positive reinforcement or high rate of aversive experience (reinforcement theory);
— Learned helplessness;
— Cognitive triad: negative view of self, negative view of the world and negative view of the future.
Patients who are manifesting the signs and symptoms of depression is the only way that can provide a good picture for a psychiatrist or any mental health personnel in Diagnosing Depression.
— Depressed mood everyday with marked feeling of sadness. This is medically termed as dysphoria;
Interventions for patient after Diagnosing Depression are actions that provide essential benefit to those people who are suffering from this mental condition. Some of these interventions can be performed by any family members or significant others but mostly, performed by nurses and other mental health personnel.
1. Mood Disturbance
— The nurse or other members of the health team must educate the family members and significant others about depression and prescribed treatment;
— Observe and document any unfavorable behavior of the depressed person and immediately intervene if suicidal attempt occurs;
— Administer antidepressants as ordered and prescribed by the psychiatrists
2. Dysfunctional Grieving
— Encourage the person to verbalize his or her thoughts and feelings;
— Foster communication between family members
3. Risk for Self-directed Violence
— Maintain a safe environment
— Assess risk of suicide
— Encourage ventilation of feelings
4. Self-Esteem Disturbances
— Engage the person in simple tasks (that he or she can easily succeed)
— Praise accomplishments
— Assist in identification of strength
5. Self-Care Deficit
— Assist the person in assuming responsibilities for hygiene and grooming
6. Social Isolation
— Encourage the person to participate in groups and social activities
7. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than body requirements
— Obtain the patient’s diet history and food preferences
— Monitor the food intake, and weight of the patient
— Sit down with the client during meals and encourage eating.
Important information regarding depression is a vital fact for those who have someone suffering from this condition. Ideally, these common manifestations of a depressed person must be cared holistically. A holistic approach involves a different aspect that provides essential management for the patient who is suffering from this mental illness. The importance of the interventions to the depressed patient is very crucial because, there are dense situations that can occur without the knowledge of everybody including the plan for ending life. This is very delicate situation since a depressed person doesn’t care about his or her life. He or she might think that life is miserable and worthless. Therefore continuing life without reason or purpose is the main reason why most depressed people are committing suicide.
After Diagnosing Depression, it is best for the family members to have a constant communication with the depressed person. Providing various alternatives like hobbies and other enjoying activities can help the patient forget the negative thoughts that they are thinking.